Podgorica, MontenegroJoint Service Provision Area Initiative
The Joint Service Provision Area Initiative (JSPAI) was launched in 2013 by Montenegro CAA, who invited senior level participants (both CAAs and ANSPs) from the region, plus Hungary based on their temporary role allocated by NATO for the normalization of the upper airspace over Kosovo.
In line with the goals of the Aviation Package and the Single Sky concept JSPAI has two main objectives: to promote the harmonized and optimized use of airspace in this fragmented region of Europe. Secondly, by stepped development process to implement a Performance Based ATM concept in line with SES and the South-East European 2020 Strategy objectives. JSPAI is an ongoing project with a project duration up to 2020. The first phase of JSPAI (2013-2015) concentrated on building partnership, assess the current ATM situation in the region, identify priority projects, organize know-how exchanges, training for ATCOs, ATSEP and regulators and share experiences and scarce resources both at technical/operational and regulatory level. (The identified priority projects of JSPAI are listed in the attached slide presentation.)
In addition to DGs and CEOs from the region, JSPAI is supported by ICAO, EU/DG-MOVE/EASA and TAIEX as well as the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) located in Sarajevo.
- Contribution to increasing capacity of ATM systems
- Contribution to reducing ATM costs
- Contribution to reducing the impact of air transport on the environment
- Potential to be replicated over the ATM network
- Promoting partnerships
The JSPAI initiative is a remarkable example of tackling the main challenges of the current European aviation sector. In order to increase the competitiveness of the whole industry it is essential to act together and implement common solutions in an effective and coordinated manner involving EU as well as neighbouring countries and different actors of the market. Based on this essential founding the JSPAI initiative is focusing on the most important factors of SES EU-wide targets to improve the quality, capacity and efficiency of the aviation infrastructure in the region.
Contribution to increasing capacity of ATM systems
As an example, in 2015 traffic in the upper airspace over Kosovo increased by 36% and at the same time due to contingency situation in Ukraine and in the middle-East the traffic pattern was changed to/from Europe. JSPAI partners (in close cooperation with each others and with ICAO and EUROCONTROL) accommodated the increased ad hoc demand.
The next step of JSPAI will be the creation of cross-border FRA offering increased and harmonized capacity and shorter flying time. The regional capacity plan is part of the planned Airspace Study (2016-2018). The airspace study project has been approved by DGs and CEOs, submitted to the RCC, PM nominated and project preparation has started. The expected outcome from the study will be a validated regional (cross-border) FRA contributing to the SES performance objectives.
Contribution to reducing ATM costs
The implementation of PBN and GNSS in JSPA is also a priority project (slide nr. 6). In addition to cost reduction the environment will also benefit from flexible and low-cost infrastructure for SID and STAR procedures. Under the JSPAI programme the PBN implementation project has started. Instead of investing expensive ground infrastructure, the regulatory arrangements are in place to use satellite technology, in particular for regional airports which have mainly seasonal traffic. (like Tivat, or Ohrid)
Contribution to reducing the impact of air transport on the environment
Although a detailed CBA will only be available under the planned FRA development plan, it is clear that regional FRA will have a positive impact on the environment. Also, the implementation of PBN and satellite based landing procedures can provide noise reduction, thus positive impact on the environment.
Potential to be replicated over the ATM network
The creation of JSPAI was a bottom up significant step in this fragmented region where lack of communication among senior officers was an obstacle for any kind collaborative ATM solution. Today, JSPAI is known – and used - in the region. Serbia and Bosnia Herzegovina are observers and contribute at technical/operational level. JSPAI was invited to make presentation for NATO/BANM, for ICAO/EANPG and ATM Group East and recently (December 2015) presentation was made for an ICAO organized workshop in Baku, where participants showed great interest to learn more about JSPAI.
JSPA Initiative established partnership with numerous organizations of European civil aviation. ICAO, RCC, SEETO, Danub Region Strategy, NEFAB, FAB C, BHANSA, EUROCONTROL, PildoLab Co... Implementation of the Programme JSPA Initiative and initiatives requires cooperation with a number of organizations. This partnership will enable the full implementation of the interests of all participants in air traffic. (www.jspai.org)
Contribution to change management
"In the world of ATM/CNS moving from national minded planning towards collaborative solutions is not an easy process". JSPAI managed to organize seminars and workshops where the change in future ATM environment was highlighted. Senior level speakers from SESAR, ICAO and EUROCONTROL provided a good insight about the expected changes. We believe that JSPAI has already contributed to change management – especially in the human factor area. By exchanging know how on best practices and early identification/mitigation of risks will help to manage changes. Involvement of air traffic controllers and technicians in the planned validation simulation, study visits and workshops will contribute to manage changes.
Promoting SES and SESAR beyond the Union's boundaries
This is a goal which was identified already at the establishment of JSPAI. The JSPAI members (except Hungary) are all non-EU countries. JSPAI actively contributed to the drafting of the SEE2020 Strategy. The aviation part of SEE2020 is fully in line with SES key performance areas to focus on: safety, capacity, environment and cost efficiency. The above mentioned presentation delivered by the JSPAI chairman and Vice-chairman were mainly for colleagues beyond the Union's boundaries, thus JSPAI promoted SES/SESAR both in our own region and externally beyond Europe.
We consider that JSPAI is an excellent candidate for the SES Awards in particular in the area of change management as the initiative is a unique example to promote the fundamental ideas of the Single European Sky concept such as the cooperative arrangements in a highly fragmented airspace and encouraging technological modernization permitting the reduction of ATM costs and increasing operational efficiency.