A horizontal agreement with Pakistan was signed in 2009 and entered into force on 5 May 2015.
This agreement allows any EU airline to operate flights between Pakistan and any EU Member State where it is established and where a bilateral agreement with Pakistan exists and traffic rights are available. It does not replace the bilateral agreements but adapts them to bring them into line with EU law. This is a major step change from the traditional set-up of aviation based on nationality restrictions and complements the EU's internal aviation market on the external side.
For further information and figures on EU-Pakistan aviation relations and EU aviation in general, please consult the Atlas of the Sky.