Skip to main content
Mobility and Transport

Performance and Charging Schemes


The Performance Scheme sets targets in the key performance areas of safety, environment, airspace capacity and cost efficiency through the adoption of European Union-wide performance targets and approval of consistent National or Functional Airspace Blocks (FAB) performance plans. Performance plans also contain incentive mechanisms, including the sharing of some financial risks between air navigation service providers and airspace users. The first reference period (RP1) ran from 2012 to 2014. The second reference period (RP2) runs from 2015 to 2019. The scheme, binding for EU member States, can extend to third States, thus providing benefits to the pan-European dimension of the network.

The targets in the key performance area of cost efficiency are the basis for the calculation of user en route and terminal charges under the Charging Scheme. Therefore, the SES performance and charging schemes are the instruments of economic regulation of air navigation service providers.

Second reference period (RP2) 2015-2019

During RP1 significant experience has been gained and some key achievements made, including the move from a full cost recovery methodology to the determined costs and incentives regime. Nonetheless, the Commission is determined to drive the performance of European air navigation services further, while containing any associated risks.

Union-wide targets for the second reference period (RP2) have been set by the Commission Implementing Decision of 11 March 2014. In March 2015 the Commission issued a decision concerning consistency with the Union-wide targets of local targets contained in some FAB performance plans. However, the Commission also adopted recommendations to some Member States for further improvements.

Union-wide targets have been set for all four key performance areas during RP2:

  • The Union-wide targets for safety are set at achieving high levels of effectiveness of safety management and full application of the severity classification based on the Risk Analysis Tool methodology by 2019;
  • The Union-wide capacity target is set for each year of the reference period at 0.5 minutes of average ATFM delay per flight;
  • The Union-wide targets for environment are aimed at reducing the average horizontal en route flight inefficiency for the last filed flight plan trajectory to 4.1 % and for the actual trajectory to 2.6 %;
  • Lastly, the set en route Union-wide cost efficiency target shall lead to a -3.3 % annual reduction in the determined unit cost of air navigation services.


National Supervisory Authorities submit monitoring reports to the Commission in June each year. The performance results are then analysed in the PRB annual monitoring reports.

Furthermore, some of the performance related data is made available on a quarterly basis here :