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Mobility and Transport

FLOW Multimodal Calculation Procedures and Impact Assessment Tool

The FLOW project was a European Commission study focusing on congestion reduction benefits of cycling and walking. The project aimed to address the specific challenges of helping cities better assess the transport impacts of walking and cycling improvement projects so that the full benefits of such projects in reducing congestion could be understood.

The FLOW Multimodal Calculation Procedure was developed to provide an analysis technique that better accounts for the transport impacts of walking and cycling improvements than the standard practices currently used. Transport facility quality is assessed using three key performance indicators: density, delay and level of service. The FLOW multimodal calculation procedures include a multimodal performance index (MPI) for each of the three key performance indicators to address the issue of standard techniques not being able to combine mode-specific results.

The FLOW Impact Assessment Tool is a holistic technique for evaluating transport improvements. The tool has been designed to provide decision-makers with more information on transport improvement projects' impacts and benefits compared with simply facility-based multimodal transport analysis. The FLOW impact Assessment tool considers mobility, environmental, societal and economic impacts. It also recognises that transport is not the only consideration when decisions are made about improving the transport system.

The FLOW multimodal calculation procedures and FLOW Impact Assessment Tool are designed to be used together to provide a clear understanding of the benefits and costs of transport improvement projects, and especially to help evaluate the congestion reduction benefits of walking and cycling projects.

A guide of using the FLOW Tools for Multimodal Assessments can be accessed here.

TRACE Walking and Cycling Tracking Service

TRACE is a European research project with funding through Horizon 2020. It assessed the ability of tracking services to optimise the planning and promotion of measures that support walking and cycling in cities. TRACE tools addressing (1) Behaviour change and (2) Mobility planning were piloted in eight sites around Europe and then evaluated before being prepared for full commercial use.

Three behaviour change tools have been developed that aim to improve certain elements of cycling and walking promotion campaigns. The three tools are summarised in the below:


  • Biklio encourages citizens to ride their bikes near checkpoints positioned at urban local shops, assigning a score (cycle-and-score scheme) to each participant to reward him. TRACE created an open paradigm to promote the involvement of local businesses as checkpoint providers, making it more appealing to join for both citizens as well as local businesses.

Positive Drive

  • Positive Drive is based on “doing and rewarding the right transport choice”. It uses only positive incentives, such as coaching, prizes, social status, achievements. TRACE extended and improved Positive Drive to offer users better feedback on walking and public transport, in addition to bikes and cars.

Traffic Snake Game

  • The Traffic Snake Game encourages primary school pupils to travel more sustainably to school. TRACE developed a Traffic Snake Game tracking app, in order to digitalise the campaign and therefore improve the campaign's ambitions and impact.

TAToo is a tracking tool for mobility planning. It was developed to support planners and policy makers to interpret information produced by tracking systems, allowing them to identify and rank issues and monitor specific space and time frames.

To read more about these tools and information on how to use them, click here.

The Urban Transport Roadmaps tool

The Urban Transport Roadmaps tool is an initiative of the European Commission that helps cities develop the first scenarios of their SUMP. With an easy-to-use interface and simplified approach, the tool allows people with non-specialist knowledge to:

  1. explore and identify appropriate sustainable transport policy measures;
  2. quantify the transport, environmental and economic impacts of these measures;
  3. consider an implementation pathway (roadmap) for the policy scenario.

To access a quick start guide or detailed user guide and launch the tool, click here.

CLoS - Cycling Level of Service tools

CLoS is an assessment tool for use by planners and cycle campaigners. It sets a common standard for the performance of cycling infrastructure for routes and schemes, and for individual junctions.

CLoS is based on six core design outcomes (safety, directness, coherence, comfort, attractiveness and adaptability), which are then broken down each into specific factors. For example, ‘safety’ consists of three factors: collision risk, feeling of safety and social safety. For each factor a set of indicators with score values can then be used to measure the performance of the factor itself.

Clients and designers are able to identify aspects that should be addressed as a priority, and the tool is exceptionally useful for activists, who are able to identify and can highlight poor cycling infrastructure provision.

To read more about CloS and access the assessment spreadsheet, click here.