The Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) policy addresses the implementation and development of a Europe-wide network of railway lines, roads, inland waterways, maritime shipping routes, ports, airports and railroad terminals. The ultimate objective is to close gaps, remove bottlenecks and technical barriers, as well as to strengthen social, economic and territorial cohesion in the EU. The current TEN-T policy is based on Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013.
Besides the construction of new physical infrastructure, the TEN-T policy supports the application of innovation, new technologies and digital solutions to all modes of transport. The objective is improved use of infrastructure, reduced environmental impact of transport, enhanced energy efficiency and increased safety.
TEN-T comprises two network ‘layers’:
- The Core Network includes the most important connections, linking the most important nodes, and is to be completed by 2030.
- The Comprehensive Network covers all European regions and is to be completed by 2050.
The backbone of the Core Network is represented by nine Core Network Corridors, which were identified to streamline and facilitate the coordinated development of the Core Network. Two horizontal priorities, the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) and Motorways of the Sea complement these. Oversight of the Corridors and of the two Horizontal Priorities lies with European Coordinators, nominated by the European Commission.
To complete the TEN-T Core Network in time, we put forward a regulation on Streamlining measures for TEN-T implementation. The aim is to facilitate and advance on the implementation of the Core Network’s projects, across all modes of transport.
In April 2019, the Commission launched a review of the TEN-T policy.
A new dimension of the TEN-T policy is the movement of military forces (troops, assets & equipment) within and beyond the EU, which was identified in the Action Plan on Military Mobility. This movement is currently hampered by physical, legal and regulatory barriers such incompatible infrastructure or cumbersome custom procedures. To overcome these barriers, dual-use (civilian-military) co-funding of transport infrastructure projects has been proposed within the next Connecting Europe Facility (CEF).