Changes in the sector, in particular those relating to automation and digitalisation, are creating many new challenges. Jobs in the transport sector, especially low- and medium-skilled jobs, may be at risk due to automation and moves towards greater sustainability.
Studies on social issues
- 1 in 20 jobs in the EU in the transport sector
- Only 22 % of transport wokers are women
- A third of all transport workers are over 50 years old
On 4 June 2015, Commissioner for transport Violeta Bulc and Commissioner for employment Marianne Thyssen organised a Conference on a social Agenda for transport to discuss the most pressing issues:
- How to make transport professions more attractive? How to adapt qualification and training needs to new technologies and to new types of jobs?
- What more can be done to improve employment and working conditions in the transport sector?
- What can be done to further strengthen the involvement of social partners in the EU transport policy?
On 19 April and 21 April 2016, two additional workshops took place which reflected on ways to attract more women to the transport sector. The first took place at the Transport Research Arena in Warsaw. The second, organised jointly by Commissioner Violeta Bulc and Commissioner Vera Jourova, in charge of gender equality, gathered women with concrete experience as transport workers, company representatives at the managerial level and human resources departments, social partners, representatives from training institutes, civil society, sociologists/psychologists, representatives from some Member States' transport administrations, and Members of the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee in Brussels. They jointly reflected on possible concrete actions. Following these events, a broader consultation will be launched.
At the Transport Research Arena, a second workshop took place on 20 April on how to match Academia and the job market. It focused on issues and actions for better educational and research opportunities in the transport field in Europe, in order to match the future professional needs in the job market.
Social issues in transport
Social partners joint recommendations and guidelines:
- Enhanced participation of women in European shipping (2018)
- Strengthening women employment in urban public transport (2014)
- Eliminating Workplace harassment and bullying (2014)
- Better representation and integration of women in the railway sector (2007)
- Recommendations on women’s employment in the port sector (2014)
The Transport Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System (TRIMIS) monitors the implementation and effectiveness of the roadmaps developed by the Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda (STRIA). TRIMIS analyses technology trends, research and innovation capacities and developments in the European transport sector, providing open-access information.
Horizontal social issues
Employment and education
Eures (European Job Mobility Portal)
EU labour law and social security matters