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Mobility and Transport

Beyond accident investigation, a crucial element in preventing aviation accidents is reporting and analysis of events in daily operations that may indicate the existence of potentially serious safety hazards that may lead to accidents if not corrected.

How this information is reported, collected, stored, protected, exchanged, disseminated, analysed and acted upon is set out in Regulation (EU) No 376/2014.

Occurrence reports are stored in the European Central Repository (ECR), managed by the European Commission.

To capture as many occurrences as possible, the European Commission has set up the European Aviation Reporting Portal.

To incentivise the reporting of all safety-relevant aviation events, the Regulation sets out rules on the protection of reporters. In particular, it states that information collected must only be used for the purpose of improving safety, and not against the reporters or other persons mentioned in the reports. The Regulation thus introduces principles of just culture (no fear to report) and requires Member States to designate a body in charge to implement these principles.