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Mobility and Transport

Questions and Answers on the Regulation on the deployment of alternative fuels Infrastructure (EU 2023/1804)


Regulation (EU) 2023/1804 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 September 2023 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, and repealing Directive 2014/94/EU (AFIR) is a fundamental cornerstone to support the transition towards more sustainable modes of transport, and to put the Union on track for the full decarbonisation of the transport sector by 2050.

The uniform application of AFIR throughout the Union is essential to provide seamless passenger and freight zero-emission road transport, avoid barriers to trade and to allow manufacturers and operators of alternative fuels infrastructure to attain economies of scale.

To that end, the present Questions and Answers have been prepared by the European Commission services to address specific technical questions and comments asked by members in the context of the Sustainable Transport Forum, which is the main expert group of the European Commission in the field of alternative fuels infrastructure, and by other market actors.

These Questions and Answers were prepared by the services of the Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport of the European Commission and does not commit the European Commission as such. Only the Court of Justice of the European Union is competent to authoritatively interpret Union law.

Article 5 - Operation of Recharging Infrastructure

Article 5

Article 5(1)

General context of the article: the obligations in Article 5(1) apply to the operator of the recharging point who needs to ensure recharging on an ad hoc basis at every recharging point operated by him. Recharging on an ad hoc basis means that an end user purchases a recharging service, without being required to register, conclude a written agreement or enter into a commercial relationship with the operator of the recharging point beyond the mere purchase of the recharging service (Article 2(47)), and without the need to enter into a contract with a mobility service provider (recital 36).

Article 5(3)

Article 5(4)

Article 5(5)

Article 5(6)

Article 5(8)

Article 5(9)