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Mobility and Transport

Why passengers' rights matter

The EU is the only area in the world where citizens are protected by a full set of passenger rights - whether they travel by air, rail, ship, bus and coach.

Europe has experienced a boom in mobility over the last thirty years. Community legislation has therefore been introduced for all modes of transport to protect passenger rights and ensure they are not lost in a myriad of national rules.

EU legislation and key documents

To protect citizens and support the Commission’s goal of a completing the internal market in products and services the EU has adopted rules covering:

Air passenger rights

Road passenger rights

Rail passenger rights

Maritime passenger rights

A European vision for Passengers [COM(2011)898]

Information for citizens

If you have experienced delays, cancellations, damaged luggage, or have special mobility needs visit the ‘Your Europe’ passenger rights website where you can find information and advice on your rights and how you can get a refund or compensation.

You can download the “Your Passenger Rights” app to your smartphone for free to check your rights immediately and on the spot. (Google AndroidiPhoneiPadWindows Phone).


Campaign information

You can find leaflets, posters, videos and all the information material on the passenger rights campaign pages.

You can receive and distribute passenger rights campaign material for free in any EU language by writing at


Enquiries and Complaints

Further information on how to exercise your rights:

Enquiry/complaint form for air passengers
Enquiry/complaint form for rail passengers
Enquiry form for other passenger rights (road, maritime)


If you wish to apply for a refund or compensation

For air passengers only, complaint forms are available here:

Air passenger rights EU complaint form
(121.74 KB - PDF)

These complaints must be sent to the airline or competent National Enforcement Body, NOT to the European Commission.

Rail, bus and ship passengers' complaints should be directed to the carrier or company responsible. If this is unsuccessful, or you are not satisfied with the reply you received, then you can complain to the National Enforcement Body in the EU country where the incident took place.

National Enforcement Bodies under Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 on compensation and assistance to passengers in the event of denied boarding and of cancellation or long delay of flights
(699.08 KB - PDF)
National Enforcement Bodies under Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 on rail passengers’ rights and obligations
(431.07 KB - PDF)
National Enforcement Bodies under Regulation (EU) No 1177/2010 concerning the rights of passengers when travelling by sea and inland waterway
(309.58 KB - PDF)
National Enforcement Bodies under Regulation (EU) No 181/2011 concerning the rights of passengers in bus and coach transport
(397.88 KB - PDF)
National Enforcement Bodies under Regulation (EC) No 1107/2006 concerning the rights of disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air
(628.15 KB - PDF)



Consequences of Brexit