Over the last 25 years, the Commission has been proactive in proposing changes to Europe's rail transport market to strengthen rail vis-à-vis other transport modes. Efforts have targeted three areas crucial for a strong and competitive rail industry:
- opening the rail transport market to competition;
- improving interoperability and safety;
- developing rail infrastructure.
The eighth Rail Market Monitoring Report (RMMS) on the state of the EU rail market shows positive developments in 2019, before a significant change in traffic volumes in 2020 due to COVID-19.
The Commission published a package of revised technical standards to improve rail interoperability across borders – the so-called ‘Technical Specifications for Interoperability’ (TSIs).